What is the traditional dress of China called?
Traditional Chinese clothing is called Hanfu (汉服) or traditional Chinese dress. Hanfu refers to the clothing style worn by the Han ethnic majority in China over two thousand years ago. It encompasses a wide range of styles and designs that evolved over different dynasties and regions within China.
Hanfu typically consists of several key components, including robes, skirts, tunics, and jackets. The style and design of the clothing vary depending on the individual’s social status, gender, and the specific occasion. The materials used in traditional Chinese clothing are generally silk, cotton, or linen.
Female Hanfu typically features wide and layered sleeves, high collars, and long flowing skirts. Some common styles for women include the “ruqun” (襦裙) which consists of an upper garment called a “ru” and a long skirt called a “qun,” and the “hanbok” (汉韩) style characterized by a loose jacket and pleated skirt.
Male Hanfu tends to be more fitted, with straight-cut robes and various accessories such as belts and hats. One common style for men is the “Zhongshan suit” (中山装), also known as the Mao suit, which originated in the early 20th century and became popular during the Republican era.
What is Hanfu？
Hanfu is a traditional clothing style worn by the Han Chinese people in China. It refers to a set of ancient Chinese clothing and includes various types of garments such as robes, jackets, skirts, and pants. Hanfu is characterized by its loose and flowing design, elaborate decoration, and rich cultural significance. It has a history of over 3,000 years and is deeply rooted in Chinese culture and tradition. Hanfu is often worn for special occasions, festivals, weddings, or cultural events to showcase Chinese heritage and identity. In recent years, there has been a revival of interest in Hanfu, with many young Chinese people wearing it as a form of cultural expression.
Types of traditional Chinese clothing
Traditional clothing in China is known as hanfu, which has a long history dating back thousands of years. There are several types of hanfu, including:
- Ruqun: Ruqun is a two-piece outfit consisting of a blouse and a long skirt. The blouse is typically loose and has wide sleeves, while the skirt is long and flowing.
- Aoqun: Aoqun is a one-piece garment that resembles a robe. It is usually ankle-length and has wide sleeves. Aoqun is often worn with a belt or sash.
- Zhiju: Zhiju is a form-fitting garment that was worn by the upper class during the Ming and Qing dynasties. It features a high collar, narrow sleeves, and straight lines.
- Beizi: Beizi is a type of outer garment that was commonly worn over other hanfu styles. It is similar to a cape or jacket and is often made of silk or brocade.
- Shenyi: Shenyi is a form of hanfu that consists of a long, wide-sleeved robe worn over loose trousers. It was popular during the Han dynasty and is often seen in historical dramas.
- Tangzhuang: Although not strictly hanfu, Tangzhuang is a traditional Chinese style of clothing that originated during the Qing dynasty. It features a long, loose-fitting jacket worn over wide-legged pants.
These are just a few examples of the different types of traditional clothing in China. Each style has its own unique characteristics and may have variations across different regions and historical periods.