Hanfu, the traditional clothing of the Han Chinese, has a rich and diverse history, with various styles that showcase the culture, elegance, and beauty of ancient China. While this traditional attire has been enjoying a revival in recent years, certain styles have emerged as popular choices among enthusiasts. Furthermore, as winter arrives, there are particular Hanfu styles that are favored for their warmth and comfort. Let’s take a closer look at the most popular Hanfu styles and what people prefer to wear during the colder months.
- Ruqun (襦裙) – The Classic and Versatile Choice:
One of the most well-known and frequently seen Hanfu styles is Ruqun, characterized by a jacket-style top (ru) and a long skirt (qun). Ruqun can be further divided into traditional and modern varieties. Traditional Ruqun is typically loose-fitting with colorful patterns, elaborate embroidery, and exquisitely designed accessories, while modern Ruqun features a simplified and more streamlined approach. Ruqun is a versatile choice suitable for various occasions.
- Qixiong Ruqun (齐胸襦裙) – Resplendent Elegance:
Qixiong Ruqun is a variation of Ruqun but features an upper garment that reaches up to the chest area. This style exudes a majestic and noble aura, making it a popular choice for weddings, formal gatherings, and special occasions. Qixiong Ruqun is often paired with elaborate headdresses, accessories, and intricate belts, highlighting its stunning elegance.
- Beizi (褙子) – Stylish Layers:
Beizi refers to a long outer garment worn over a Ruqun or Qixiong Ruqun, adding a layer of warmth and charm to the overall attire. During winter, Beizi is a favorite choice as it provides both insulation and style. This style comes in various lengths, fabrics, and patterns, allowing for personalization and seasonal adaptation.
- Daxiushan (大袖衫) – Grand Sleeves:
As the name suggests, Daxiushan is defined by its grandiose sleeves, which can reach extravagant lengths. The wide and flowing sleeves of Daxiushan enhance the graceful movements of the wearer and create a visually striking silhouette. Its loose design makes it a comfortable option, and the dramatic sleeves make it a favorite among Hanfu enthusiasts seeking a unique and eye-catching style.
- Zhiduo (直裰) – The Grace of Simplicity:
Zhiduo represents a simpler Hanfu style, consisting of a robe-like garment with various sleeve lengths. This attire, often adorned with delicate embroidery or subtle patterns, emanates an effortless elegance. In winter, Zhiduo can be layered with warmer undergarments or paired with warm accessories to provide comfort without compromising on style.
- Zhiju (直裾) – Ideal for Winter:
When it comes to winter Hanfu styles, Zhiju is a popular choice due to its ankle-length skirt, perfect for keeping warm during chilly months. Often made of thicker or warmer fabrics, Zhiju offers both style and practicality. This style allows for a wide range of matching options, making it possible to create various winter-themed ensembles.
- Zhongshan Zhuang (中山装) – The Revolutionary Influence:
Originating from the attire worn during the Republican era, Zhongshan Zhuang holds a significant place in modern Hanfu fashion. Inspired by Sun Yat-sen, a great revolutionary figure, this style emphasizes simplicity, with a stand-up collar, straight lines, and loose-fitting designs. Often adorned with delicate embroidery or modern patterns, Zhongshan Zhuang strikes a perfect balance between tradition and modernity, making it a favorite among Hanfu enthusiasts.
- Ming Dynasty Hanfu (明制汉服) – A Return to Majesty:
The attire worn during the Ming Dynasty has experienced a revival in recent years, with its regal presence and attention to intricate details. This traditional style showcases long and wide sleeves, elaborate embroidery, and vibrant colors, capturing the essence of royal elegance. Modern adaptations of Ming Dynasty Hanfu incorporate contemporary elements, such as refreshing fabrics and simplified designs, making them popular choices among fashion-forward individuals.
- Wen Yuan (文鸢) – Graceful and Feminine:
Wen Yuan, known for its graceful and feminine aesthetics, has gained popularity among female Hanfu enthusiasts. This style often features a wide flowing skirt, delicate pleats, and soft, pastel colors. Wen Yuan embodies a gentle and refined charm, making it a preferred choice for casual outings, tea ceremonies, and portraits. Pairing Wen Yuan with intricately designed accessories further enhances its ethereal beauty.
- Shangyi (上衣) and Qiuku (裘裤) – Stylish Separates:
Shangyi and Qiuku refer to the upper and lower separates of Hanfu, respectively. This modern adaptation allows for mix-and-match combinations, enabling individuals to create unique and personalized looks. Shangyi can be a loose-fitting blouse, a fitted jacket, or a cropped top, while Qiuku includes various styles of pants and skirts. Fashion-conscious Hanfu enthusiasts often experiment with different fabrics, colors, and patterns to express their individuality through Shangyi and Qiuku.
- Retro Fusion – Modernizing Tradition:
The modernization of Hanfu doesn’t stop at adapting specific historical styles; it extends to the fusion of traditional elements with contemporary fashion trends. By incorporating modern silhouettes, fabrics, and accessories, designers create a fusion of the past and present, resulting in a distinct and vibrant Hanfu style. Retro fusion Hanfu often features asymmetrical cuts, unique prints, unconventional color combinations, and innovative details, appealing to those seeking a modern twist on traditional attire.
- Cross-cultural Styles – Embracing Diversity:
In an increasingly globalized world, Hanfu enthusiasts have explored cross-cultural styles, blending Hanfu elements with fashion trends from other cultures. This fusion can take shape through combining traditional Chinese motifs with Western fashion, Japanese kimono influences, or even elements from historical Korean attire. Cross-cultural Hanfu styles reflect the diversity and openness of the modern Hanfu community, embracing cultural exchange and creating dynamic and unique fashion expressions.
While these are some of the most popular Hanfu styles, it’s important to note that the preferences may vary depending on individuals’ tastes, occasions, and regional influences. Hanfu enthusiasts are continually exploring different styles, reviving ancient designs, and creating unique combinations that blend tradition and modernity. Whether it’s the classic Ruqun or the elegant Qixiong Ruqun, or the cozy warmth of Beizi and Zhiju, Hanfu offers a diverse range of styles to suit any occasion, including the freezing winter months.