What is Hanfu in modern times?

Hanfu, the traditional clothing worn by the Han Chinese for thousands of years, continues to capture the imagination of people around the world. While the roots of Hanfu can be traced back to ancient times, the concept of modern Hanfu has emerged as a powerful movement that seeks to blend traditional aesthetics with contemporary fashion trends. In this article, we will explore the essence of modern Hanfu and introduce some of the key types available today.

Understanding Modern Hanfu:

Modern Hanfu represents a fusion of traditional Han Chinese clothing with modern design elements. It preserves the elegance and distinct characteristics of traditional Hanfu while incorporating functional modifications to suit the needs and preferences of the present-day wearer. This dynamic blend enables individuals to express their cultural identity and appreciation for history through fashion.

Types of Modern Hanfu:

  1. Ruqun (襦裙):
    Ruqun is one of the most common types of Hanfu. It consists of a cross-collared top (ru) and a long skirt (qun). Modern variations of Ruqun introduce innovative cuts, fabric patterns, and embroidery techniques, making it more vibrant and versatile for everyday wear.
  2. Aoqun (袄裙):
    Derived from traditional Han clothing styles, Aoqun typically features a shorter top or jacket paired with a long skirt. Modern Aoqun designs focus on creating a harmonious blend of simplicity and elegance, allowing for adaptability in various social settings.
  3. Beizi (褙子):
    Beizi, a kind of outer garment, has evolved over time to incorporate contemporary elements into its design. The modern Beizi features shorter lengths, innovative sleeve shapes, and creative fabric choices. It can be worn as an outer layer or even as a statement piece on its own to showcase the beauty of Han Chinese culture.
  4. Shenyi (深衣):
    Shenyi, characterized by a long cloak-like robe that wraps around the body, is often associated with historical figures and imperial settings. Modern Shenyi designs prioritize comfort and practicality without losing their regal charm. Designers experiment with various colors, fabrics, and closures to create a modern twist on this traditional style.
  5. Zhongyi (中衣):
    Commonly worn by intellectuals and scholars, Zhongyi conveys a sense of refinement. Modern iterations of Zhongyi incorporate contemporary tailoring techniques, allowing for a more streamlined and fitted silhouette. This type of Hanfu is often favored for formal occasions or professional settings.


The emergence of modern Hanfu has breathed new life into the realm of traditional Chinese clothing. By incorporating contemporary design elements, modern Hanfu enables individuals to embrace their cultural heritage while adapting it to suit modern lifestyles. The diverse range of modern Hanfu types, such as Ruqun, Aoqun, Beizi, Shenyi, and Zhongyi, provides style options for various occasions and personal preferences. Whether donned for everyday wear or special events, modern Hanfu enables individuals to showcase the beauty and elegance of traditional Han Chinese culture to the world.

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