What are the different types of hanfu?


Hanfu, the traditional clothing of China, encompasses a vast array of styles, each with its own distinct features and historical significance. With a rich heritage spanning over millennia, the evolution and diversity of Hanfu reflect the cultural depth and artistic brilliance of the Chinese civilization. Let’s embark on a captivating journey to explore some of the distinctive types of Hanfu.

  1. Ruqun:
    Ruqun is arguably the most recognizable and widely worn type of Hanfu. Its elegant and graceful style consists of a cross-collar top, usually featuring sleeve variations such as wide or narrow, and a long, flowing skirt or trousers. Ruqun can be worn by both men and women, and it has been a popular choice for various occasions throughout history. Examples include the Xuande Ruqun, with its multi-layered skirt, and the Zhongshan Ruqun, characterized by its high-waisted design.
  2. Beizi:
    Beizi is a type of outer garment worn over a Ruqun or other Hanfu outfits. It adds layers and provides additional warmth, making it suitable for colder weather. Beizi can come in various styles, lengths, and sleeve types. Examples include the Lianxi Beizi, which is a long, straight-cut robe, and the Banbi Beizi, which features wide sleeves with decorative patterns.
  3. Shan:
    Shan is a type of coat-like overgarment worn by both men and women. It has wide sleeves and can be open or closed in the front with decorative buttons or ties. The Shan is known for its versatility and is commonly worn during formal occasions. The Lianpan Shan, with its distinctive crossed collars, and the Tianzige Shan, distinguished by its voluminous sleeves, are notable variations of this type of Hanfu.
  4. Pao:
    Pao is a long gown-like dress typically worn by women. It is characterized by its closed front and flowing silhouette, providing an elegant and regal appearance. The Ming Dynasty Pao is a prominent example, featuring a high waist, wide sleeves, and intricate embroidery. The Qing Dynasty Pao, on the other hand, adopted a more conservative style, with a lower waistline and a fitted bodice.
  5. Zhiduo:
    Zhiduo is a type of Hanfu worn by scholars, officials, and upper-class men during the Tang and Song dynasties. It consists of a round-neck robe, often decorated with embroidery or woven patterns, worn over a layer of undergarments. The Zhiduo embodies refinement and scholarly elegance, and its distinct sleeves and ornamentation make it instantly recognizable.
  6. Jinyi:
    Jinyi, also known as Daopao, is a type of outer robe with wide and flowing sleeves that was favored by emperors and high-ranking officials during the Ming and Qing dynasties. It is elaborately adorned with intricate patterns, embroidered dragons, and other auspicious symbols. The Jinyi represents symbol of authority and power and is typically reserved for ceremonial events.

These are just a few examples of the diverse types of Hanfu that showcase the intricate craftsmanship and cultural depth of Chinese traditional attire. Each type reflects different historical periods, social status, and regional influences, while upholding the timeless elegance and enchanting beauty of Hanfu. By exploring the various types, we can appreciate the rich tapestry of Chinese heritage and ensure that these traditions continue to be celebrated and cherished for generations to come.

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