Hanfu, the traditional clothing of the Han Chinese, went through various changes over different dynasties, including the Wei and Jin Dynasties (220-420 AD). During this period, Hanfu exhibited a shift in style, influenced by the prevalent cultural and social changes.
In the Wei and Jin Dynasties, the shape and design of Hanfu became more diverse and distinct. Here are some key points to consider:
- Men’s Hanfu in the Wei and Jin Dynasties:
- Robe (Shenyi): The Shenyi, a cross-collared robe, continued to be a popular choice for men. It had wide sleeves and loose-fitting garment with belt fastening.
- Daxiushan: This was a broad-sleeved robe worn over the Shenyi and tied with a belt. It was often made from luxurious materials and adorned with intricate patterns and embroideries.
- Magua: A short jacket worn over the Shenyi, it was initially worn mainly by the military or officials but gained popularity among the common people as well.
- Women’s Hanfu in the Wei and Jin Dynasties:
- Ruqun: The Ruqun, consisting of a blouse-like upper garment and a full skirt, remained a common choice for women. The length of the Ruqun varied, and the sleeves could be wide or narrow.
- Beizi: A jacket-like garment worn over the Ruqun. It had open-front design with short sleeves and was often adorned with decorative trimmings.
- Scarves and Headpieces: Women would often wear scarves or headdresses to complement their outfits, which were made from various materials and could be embroidered or decorated with intricate patterns.
The cultural background of Wei and Jin Hanfu was influenced by factors such as the rise of the Six Dynasties, the influx of nomadic cultures, and increasing interaction with other regions and foreign civilizations. This led to a fusion of different styles and influences in clothing, resulting in unique and diverse Hanfu designs during this period.