Chinese royal traditional clothing Hanfu pays attention to nobility and elegance. In different historical periods and dynasties, the color, shape, and pattern of royal traditional Hanfu are different.
Hanfu, the traditional costume of Han Chinese people, has a rich cultural heritage that dates back thousands of years. The term “Hanfu” literally means “Han clothing”, referring to the clothing styles worn by the Han ethnic group from ancient times to the present day. In particular, royal Hanfu, the attire worn by the emperors and empresses of various dynasties, represents the pinnacle of traditional Chinese costume design, incorporating rich symbolism and aesthetic elements. In this article, we will explore the types and colors of royal Hanfu in different historical periods and dynasties.
The Types of Hanfu:
Hanfu has a wide variety of styles and designs, ranging from simple and elegant to ornate and extravagant. In general, Hanfu can be divided into two main categories: male and female. Each category has its own set of styles and accessories that reflect the social status and cultural values of the wearer.
For males, the most common styles of Hanfu are:
Ruqun is the most basic Hanfu style for men. It consists of a top (known as a “shenyi”) and a long skirt (known as a “changqun”) that falls straight down from the waist. This style is characterized by its simple and elegant design, and is often worn by scholars and officials.
Daopao is a more formal Hanfu style that originated in the Tang dynasty. It consists of a long robe (known as a “daopao”) with wide sleeves and a high collar. This style is often made of rich fabrics such as silk and brocade, and is typically worn by high-ranking officials and nobility.
Zhiduo is a style of Hanfu that was popular during the Song dynasty. It is similar to the ruqun, but features a much shorter skirt that ends just above the knee. This style is often worn by scholars and literati, and is considered to be a more casual and comfortable option.
For females, the most common styles of Hanfu are:
- Qixiong Ruqun
Qixiong ruqun is the most popular style of Hanfu for women. It consists of a top (known as a “daxiushan”) and a long skirt (known as a “qun”) that are both pleated. This style is known for its elegant and graceful appearance, and is often worn by women of all social classes.
Beizi is a style of Hanfu that originated in the Tang dynasty. It consists of a short jacket (known as a “beizi”) and a long skirt (known as a “changqun”) that is slit on the sides. This style is often made of luxurious fabrics such as silk and is typically worn by high-ranking women.
Aoqun is a style of Hanfu that was popular during the Ming and Qing dynasties. It consists of a long robe (known as a “ao”) that is buttoned up the front and a long skirt (known as a “qun”) that is also pleated. This style is often made of rich fabrics such as silk and brocade, and is typically worn by women of noble status.
The Colors of Royal Hanfu:
The colors of royal Hanfu play an important role in conveying the social status and symbolic meanings of the wearer. In general, the colors of Hanfu can be divided into five main categories: black, white, red, green, and yellow.
Black Hanfu is typically worn by officials and literati, as well as by mourners at funerals. White Hanfu is associated with purity and innocence, and is often worn by scholars and brides. Red Hanfu symbolizes good fortune and happiness, and is often worn by brides and for festive occasions.
Green Hanfu is associated with nature and the environment, and is often worn by scholars and officials. Yellow Hanfu is considered to be the most prestigious color, and is reserved exclusively for the emperor and the imperial family.
In different dynasties and historical periods, the colors of Hanfu also vary. For example, during the Tang dynasty, dark colors such as black, blue, and purple were popular, while during the Song dynasty, pastel colors such as light blue and pink became more fashionable. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, bright colors such as red and yellow were favored by the imperial court.
In conclusion, royal Hanfu is a rich and intricate art form that reflects the cultural heritage and social values of China throughout history. Hanfu has a wide variety of styles and colors, each with its own symbolic meanings and cultural significance. Whether simple or ornate, Hanfu represents the essence of traditional Chinese costume design, and remains an important cultural icon today.